Question about 3rd-party packaging of Vim syntax highlighting macros

Kevin B. McCarty kmccarty at Princeton.EDU
Fri Feb 9 19:56:54 UTC 2007

Hello Vim maintainers,

hopefully this is the right list!  pkg-vim-group at l.a.d.o doesn't seem to
get any traffic but spam.

I have a question about packaging Vim add-ons for syntax coloring /
highlighting of file types related to Cernlib.  Please CC replies to me
as I'm not subscribed to this list.

These file formats are pretty obscure, so rather than send the syntax
macros to you guys for inclusion in the Vim packages, I thought I could
just ship them in the cernlib-base package.

However I am having a little bit of trouble figuring out where to put
things and how to get them auto-detected by Vim.  I did read the Vim
policy, but please note I am not a Vim scripting expert -- I just picked
up enough info to write the syntax macros yesterday -- so probably I'm
doing something wrong.

Attached please find the files "syntax-kuip.vim" which I am trying to
install to /usr/share/vim/addons/syntax/kuip.vim and "ftplugin-kuip.vim"
which I am trying to install to /usr/share/vim/addons/ftplugin/kuip.vim

When I do put them in those locations, Vim doesn't recognize that for a
file with name ending in .cdf, it should load the kuip syntax.  However
if I explicitly tell it ":set syntax=kuip" it does load the highlighting
correctly, with the caveat at [*] below.  So it appears that Vim finds
the syntax file automatically but perhaps not the ftplugin file.

I tried adding a file at /usr/share/vim/registry/cernlib-base.yaml
listing the above two files, in the same format as the .yaml file
provided by vim-latexsuite, but that didn't seem to change anything. How
should I be doing this?

[*] Finally, one more minor question.  In some cases CDF files include a
block of C syntax.  In "syntax/kuip.vim", line 51, I try to load this via:

syn include @kuipC <sfile>:p:h/c.vim

as recommended in the Vim help documentation.  This would work if
kuip.vim was installed to the same place as c.vim, in
/usr/share/vim/vim70/syntax/; but since kuip.vim is instead in
.../addons/syntax/, it doesn't work.  I suppose I could do one of these

syn include @kuipC /usr/share/vim/vim70/syntax/c.vim
syn include @kuipC <sfile>:p:h/../../vim70/syntax/c.vim

but either of these will fail as soon as a new version of Vim moves to a
different versioned directory.  What should I be doing instead?

Thanks in advance for any help!
best regards,

Kevin B. McCarty <kmccarty at>   Physics Department
WWW:    Princeton University
GPG: public key ID 4F83C751                 Princeton, NJ 08544
-------------- next part --------------
" Vim syntax file
" Language:    Cernlib KUIPC (Kit for a User Interface Compiler) CDF files
" Maintainer:  Kevin B. McCarty <kmccarty at>

" Standard syntax initialization
if version < 600
  syntax clear
elseif exists("b:current_syntax")

" Case doesn't matter for us
syn case ignore

" generic definitions
syn match kuipDirective contained "^>\(Name\|menu\|command\|help_item\|guidance\|user_help\|parameters\|keyword\|action\|class\|graphics\|browse\|Icon_bitmaps\|Motif_customize\|Button\)"
syn region kuipArgument contained start=" " skip="_$" end="$" contains=kuipString,kuipParameterFormat
syn region kuipDefinition start="^>[^*]" skip="_$" end="$" contains=kuipDirective,kuipArgument keepend
syn match kuipNumber contained "\m[+-]\?\([0-9]\+\(\.[0-9]*\|\)\|\.[0-9]\+\)\(e[+-]\?[0-9]\+\)\?"
syn match kuipParseError "^\s*[^>*[:space:]].*$"
syn match kuipEmpty contained "^\s*$"
syn region kuipString start="'" skip="_$" end="\('\|$\)"

" comments
syn region kuipComment start="^\*" skip="_$" end="$"
syn region kuipBlockComment start="^>\*" end="^>"me=s-1

" informational text
syn region kuipGuidanceBlock start="^>\(Guidance\|Keyword\)\s*$" end="^>"me=s-1 contains=kuipDirective,kuipComment,kuipGuidanceSpacer
syn match kuipGuidanceSpacer contained "^\.\s*$"

" block of parameters
syn region kuipParametersBlock start="^>Parameters\s*$" end="^>"me=s-1 contains=kuipDirective,kuipParameterName,kuipParameterOption,kuipComment,kuipParameterFormat,kuipEmpty keepend
syn match kuipType contained "\s[CIR]\(\s\|$\)"
syn match kuipParameterFormat contained "\(^+\(\|+\)$\|^-\|\*\|%c\)"
syn match kuipParameterDefault contained "\([DR]\|Slider\)="me=e-1
syn keyword kuipParameterKeywords contained option loop vararg separate minus
syn region kuipParameterName contained start="^[a-z]" end="\s\S"me=s-1 nextgroup=kuipParameterDef contains=kuipParameterFormat oneline
syn region kuipParameterOption contained start="^-" end="\s\S"me=s-1 nextgroup=kuipParameterOptionDesc oneline
syn region kuipParameterDef contained start="[^>+\s]" skip="_$" end="$" contains=kuipString,kuipType,kuipParameterDefault,kuipNumber,kuipParameterKeywords
syn region kuipParameterOptionDesc contained start="[^>+\s]" skip="_$" end="$"

" block of browser or class statement
syn region kuipClassBlock start="^>\(Class\|Browse\)\(\s\|$\)" end="^>"me=s-1 contains=kuipDefinition,kuipMenuItem,kuipComment,kuipEmpty keepend
syn region kuipMenuItem contained start="^[^>*]" skip="_$" end="$" contains=kuipMenuString,kuipString,kuipParameterFormat,kuipMenuSpecial
syn match kuipMenuSpecial contained "\(\s\|^\)[/!]\+"
syn region kuipMenuString contained start="^[[:space:]/!]*[']"ms=e skip="_$" end="\($\|'\)" contains=kuipMenuSpecialString
syn match kuipMenuSpecialString contained "['][/!]\+"ms=s+1

" block of xpm icon data
syn include @kuipC <sfile>:p:h/c.vim
"syn include @kuipC /usr/share/vim/vim70/syntax/c.vim
syn region kuipIconBitmapsBlock start="^>Icon_bitmaps\s*$" end="^>"me=s-1 contains=kuipDirective, at kuipC

" Associate our matches and regions with pretty colours
if version >= 508 || !exists("did_kuip_syn_inits")
  if version < 508
    let did_kuip_syn_inits = 1
    command -nargs=+ HiLink hi link <args>
    command -nargs=+ HiLink hi def link <args>

  HiLink kuipComment			Comment
  HiLink kuipBlockComment		Comment
  HiLink kuipDirective			Statement
  HiLink kuipArgument			Identifier
  HiLink kuipString			String
  HiLink kuipGuidanceBlock		Normal
  HiLink kuipGuidanceSpacer		SpecialChar
  HiLink kuipEmpty			Normal
  HiLink kuipParametersBlock		Error
  HiLink kuipParametersDef		Normal
  HiLink kuipParameterFormat		SpecialChar
  HiLink kuipMenuSpecial		SpecialChar
  HiLink kuipParameterName		Identifier
  HiLink kuipParameterDefault		Statement
  HiLink kuipParameterKeywords		Statement
  HiLink kuipParameterOption		Special
  HiLink kuipParameterOptionDesc	String
  HiLink kuipMenuItem			Identifier
  HiLink kuipMenuString			String
  HiLink kuipMenuSpecialString		SpecialChar
  HiLink kuipNumber			Number
  HiLink kuipType			Type
  HiLink kuipParseError			Error

  delcommand HiLink

let b:current_syntax = "kuip"

" vim: ts=8 sw=2
-------------- next part --------------
augroup filetypedetect
	au BufNewFile,BufRead *.cdf	setf kuip
augroup END

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